Hi Becca, thank you for your post because I'm wondering the same thing myself! I'm also a preservice elementary school teacher at FIU. I recently taught two science lessons on metamorphosis and the moon phases. I will say that for both lessons then my questions for the summative and formative assessments were different. Students were aware of the learning goals but I used the formative assessment to keep track of their growth in the learning goals and not the summative assessment. For example, I know exit slips are a great formative assessment because as a teacher then you can see what the student is either thinking after the lesson and what they learned from the lesson, which would relate to the learning goals. I asked my students on the exit slip to give me examples of complete and incomplete metamorphosis and they were not able to before the start of the lesson and then I also asked to name three things that they learned and this helped me see what students learned in regards to the learning goals and this information is really valuable as a teacher. Since then at the end of the lesson you see what the student learned and if there are still any misconceptions that need to be addressed. Another formative assessment I did was put the pictures of the moon phases and then students had to put them in order by color and the pictures were tilted on purpose and I had different answers but to have this in the middle of my lesson helped me track their growth because at the end of the lesson they were able to put the moon phases in the correct order from the most amount of sunlight to least amount of sunlight. Yes, I do assess students before and after because I think as a teacher it's important to keep track of the student's growth and believe me it changes quickly that teachers do need to assess before and after a lesson. Worksheets and exit slips are examples of formative assessment and then the summative assessment would be the data and analysis collected from the science experiement. I hope that helps answer your questions a little bit!