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The power of language and how to hone it

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Joe Neil Joe Neil 20 Points

Standing on the shoulders of giants: using quotes

A witty saying proves nothing. — Voltaire

Last time, we discussed the mechanics of using quotes. Today, we’ll talk about some ways to use them more effectively.

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Quotations serve to support your writing, giving it flavor, credibility, and authority. They do not make your points for you. Rather, they supplement and reinforce the points you’ve already made. Your goal is to stand on the shoulders of giants, as Newton said, not to hide behind them.

To ensure that you’re not throwing a quote out there to speak for you, set up the quote with an introduction, showing how it fits into your work.

Contrary to our modern reliance on outside sources, Emerson said, “I hate quotations. Tell me what you know.”

Using the simple comma to introduce a quote often sounds tinny, such as above. In such cases, introduce the quote with a colon.

However, Emerson was not so fond of relying on outside sources to strengthen your arguments: “I hate quotations. Tell me what you know.”

This technique is effective, frankly, because it drops the conventional “said” and rushes straight to the point. It cuts to the chase, so to speak. Be sure to vary your methods of introduction, as to not sound repetitive.


Sometimes, you don’t want to use the whole quotation. Maybe the verb tense is wrong, or the phrasing is just kludgy. Good news: You don’t have to use every word. You can use ellipses to omit words and phrases that sound out of place, or just lift out the salient words and drop them into your own. Consider the following quote:

The wisdom of the wise and the experience of the ages is preserved into perpetuity by a nation’s proverbs, fables, folk sayings and quotations. — William Feather

If I were to use that in this article, I clearly don’t care one wit about “proverbs, fables, [or] folk sayings.” So I would replace them as such:

The wisdom of the wise and the experience of the ages is preserved into perpetuity by . . . quotations. — William Feather

(Unfortunately, there’s not a lot I can do about the horrendous subject-verb agreement. Changing “is” to “[are]” would distort the quote, and inserting “(sic) ” is distracting, so I let it stand.)

Going further, I can use even less of the quote:

Feather says that quotations preserve the “wisdom of the wise and the experience of the ages.”

Or to the extreme:

According to Feather, quotations are records of a culture’s “wisdom” and “experience.”

However, that technique is best kept to an extremely rare usage. It has much potential for distortion and, due to the abundance of punctuation, could be distracting to the reader. Given the case above, it is best to simply paraphrase the quote rather than lift out two common nouns.


I love quotations because it is a joy to find thoughts one might have, beautifully expressed with much authority by someone recognized wiser than oneself. —Marlene Dietrich

It is best to use sources that are easily recognized by your audience. An unfamiliar voice will do nothing to support you, as they don’t align your position with an expert.

If you’ve found that perfect quote that really sells your point, and you’ve just got to use it, paraphrase the speaker. Take, for example, the eminently quotable Dorothy Parker. Often acerbic, Parker embodies the very best in language. Unfortunately, outside of academia, her name doesn’t go very far. So, rather than attributing her quotes to Dorothy Parker, you might put them in the mouth of “a well-known writer and poet.”


Though it might seem antithetical to speak of paraphrasing in a discussion of quotes, sometimes it has to be done. If the quote is so long as to require being set out in a block, or the wording is just so horrendous as to bring down the rest of your work, paraphrase it. But be very careful not to distort its meaning! Make sure you understand the quote and its context, then rewrite it in such a way as to preserve the speaker’s intent and support your own point.

Stick to the active voice whenever possible.

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Modalert 200mg having generic substance Modafinil is a wakefulness agent that helps patients stay awake.

Modalert Modafinil  is a much milder stimulant than Adderall, and its mild stimulant properties allow for using it in varied situations to address lethargy and sleepiness without the potential for inducing anxiety, jitteriness, irritability, or agitation.

 100 Tablet is used in the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness (narcolepsy). It is wakefulness and helps you to stay awake and reduces the tendency to fall asleep during the day, thus restoring the normal sleep cycle.

The recommended dose for modafinil is 200mg taken once daily. Modafinil has been found to be well-tolerated, with a low incidence of adverse effects and low potential for abuse.

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Modvigil 200 is the name of a brand of the drug Modafinil and HAB Pharma based in India is the manufacturer of this product. The drug Modafinil is a prescription-based medication, so you cannot buy it as an over-the-counter medication. It has properties that make it suitable for the treatment of conditions that involve excessive sleepiness. It is also used as a nootropic and recommended for the treatment of attention deficit disorders. Its properties also allow people to deal with depression in a better way.

It boosts dopamine production in the body, which can serve as motivation for achieving our day-to-day tasks. This property makes Modafinil an ideal medication for people struggling with depression.

Another key benefit of Modvigil 200 is the increased concentration span that it offers. This drug gives this benefit as it cuts down distractions and even helps in controlling impulsive thoughts and behavior.

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Modawake is one of the latest generic version of modafinil introduced to the market. It comes as a tablet containing 100 or 200 mg doses of the active constituents usually referred to as S- and modafinil.

Modawake 200mg works by reducing the reuptake of dopamine into nerves hence promoting brain function in regards to wakefulness and cognitive-function enhancing effects.

More serious side effects rarely happen but can occur to some individuals. These include irregular heartbeat, vomiting, hives, skin itching, skin rash, dark urine, fever.

Moreover, this drug has not been enough studied in pregnant women. And consulting with a medical specialist before breastfeeding is necessary.

Do not drink alcohol while using this medicine. Also, do not stop the medication suddenly as you can get withdrawal symptoms.

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Waklert 150 is a drug that promotes wakefulness. Waklert tablet is used to reduce excessive sleepiness caused by sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work sleep disorder. Waklert may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Waklert encloses an active constituent known as Armodafinil that is the R-enantiomer of Buy Modafinil  which is a 1: 1 mixture of the R- and S-enantiomers. Armodafinil forms a derivative of Modafinil carrying similar side effects and is a bit stronger than Modafinil.

Waklert is an oral medication that is utilized to promote wakefulness. Waklert may work by increasing the amount of dopamine (a chemical neurotransmitter that nerves use to communicate with each other) in the brain by reducing the reuptake of dopamine into nerves.

If you are using Waklert 150 for shift work sleep disorder, accept it as coordinated by your doctor, normally once a day 1 hour before you start your work. If you are taking waklert to treat narcolepsy or OSAHS, you may probably take it in the morning. You may Take Waklert with or without food; However, waklert may take longer to work if you take it with food.

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Pain O Soma (carisoprodol) is a muscle relaxer that blocks pain sensations between the nerves and the brain. Soma is used together with rest and physical therapy to treat skeletal muscle conditions such as pain or injury.

Pain O Soma 350 mg tablets have a strong compound called carisoprodol, and this chemical is a proven ingredient for relaxing pain in skeletal muscles. In this procedure, the muscle relaxant stops the pain sensation between the brain and the nerves. Along with this, patients may need enough physical therapies and rest. 

Pain O Soma 500 Mg is not a traditional option, unlike the unique Soma brand. It is nothing but a muscle relaxant that eliminates the feelings of torment between nerves and the mind. State in a state-of-the-art research center and backed by the FDA to pass the most stringent quality tests.

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Vilafinil 200 a branded name for generic Modafinil 200 mg is a drug that allows patients to create signs of wakefulness and alertness.

Generally, the use of Vilafinil is done for curing three major sleep-related problems. These are narcolepsy that is a strange disorder that provokes sleepiness and drowsiness during the daytime causing a hamper to your work.

Sleep apnea is a disorder in which patients are likely to get awakened in the middle of the night due to sudden stoppage of breathing.

Shift work sleep disorder is a disorder in which the normal sleep-wake cycles of the patient are disrupted due to the constant changing of shifts.

Vilafinil 200mg containing generic  Modafinil is an enhancer of wakefulness along with cognitive abilities. On becoming activated this would enable the neurotransmitters in the brain to work accordingly.

Tinny Bella Tinny Bella 70 Points

Artvigil 150 is the best generic form of armodafinil that you can buy online. Each tablet includes 150 mg of the active ingredient armodafinil. Armodafinil is for users seeking a more focused, longer lasting and more consistent feeling of alertness.

If you have a condition for which the medication is approved, such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea, you should take a single Artvigil tablet in the morning of every day.

If you need the drug for shift work sleep disorder which is also an approved condition, you should take Armodafinil  tablet approximately one hour before the work shift start.

If you want to boost your cognitive function, be energetic after a sleepless night, or use the tablets to focus but do not have any conditions that influence these functions, you should start taking the tablets from a half of the regular dosage, ie 75 mg or a half of a tablet in the morning. For some individuals this dosage is enough and the raise of it isn’t necessary. If you still feel that you need a higher dosage, you can try using 150 mg tablet, but do not take it in the same you took a half of the daily dosage as you can start suffering from an overdose.

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