Kimberly this is such a great question and I can say with great confidence the answer is YES!!! You are on the right track with your thinking though about combining non-fictional texts along with fictional texts. I have talked with several teachers who work with elementary age students and I wanted to share the resources that I often share with them.
The first resource is Picture Perfect teaching which you can go to the link here These books are designed for Elementary school teachers who have the desire to utilize picture books in their science classrooms. The book is filled with ready-to-use student pages and assessments to aid in guided inquiry.
The other resource that I absolutely love is Teaching Science Through Trade Books link here These books have lesson plans that combine one fictional book along with a nonfictional book as they walk through an inquiry lesson. These are user-friendly for teachers and address students K-6 (the books are divided K-3 and 4-6) I have shared these with many of my teacher friends and I am confident to say that you could read it and use the lesson the next couple of days.
My favorite thing about both of these resources is their emphasis on reading in the science classroom. The resources are great if you are looking for strategies and lessons where you can combine the importance of reading instruction in the elementary classroom along with the inquisitiveness of the science classroom.