I'm a preservice teacher, and I'm currently taking a Science Methods course. We have learned a lot about different assessments, including formative assessments like the ones you are talking about. I think that exit slips/tickets are a great tool for daily assessment. I also like checklists. Having a checklist of what you are looking for in students responses helps you see where students are at without having to remember everything they say. You can have a checklist for each student, and that way, you'll know what students are struggling with and where they are succeeding. Another great tool is science journals. Students can record what they are investigating, their evidence, their conclusions, and their questions. You could collect them everyday to assess student progress, or you could collect them at the end of the week.