Carolina Biological-Knowledge Center – April 2024

The Standards

Disciplinary Core Ideas

Life Science (LS)

Listed below are the Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI) for Life Science and bullet points for their specific grade band progression.


LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

LS2.D: Social Interactions and Group Behavior

Primary School (K-2)
Elementary School (3-5)

Being part of a group helps animals obtain food, defend themselves, and cope with changes. Groups may serve different functions and vary dramatically in size.

Middle School (6-8)
High School (9-12)

Group behavior has evolved because membership can increase the chances of survival for individuals and their genetic relatives.