Carolina Biological-Knowledge Center – July 2024

The Standards

Disciplinary Core Ideas

Earth and Space Science (ESS)

Listed below are the Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI) for Earth and Space Science and bullet points for their specific grade band progression.


ESS2: Earth’s Systems

ESS2.E: Biogeology

Primary School (K-2)

Plants and animals can change their environment.

Elementary School (3-5)

Living things affect the physical characteristics of their regions.

Middle School (6-8)
High School (9-12)

The many dynamic and delicate feedbacks between the biosphere and other Earth systems cause a continual co-evolution of Earth’s surface and the life that exists on it.