Carolina Biological K-8 Curriculum – April 2024

The Standards

Disciplinary Core Ideas

Physical Science (PS)

Listed below are the Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI) for Physical Science and bullet points for their specific grade band progression.


PS3: Energy

PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces

Primary School (K-2)

A bigger push or pull makes things speed up or slow down more quickly.

Elementary School (3-5)

When objects collide, the contact forces transfer energy so as to change the objects’ motions.

Middle School (6-8)

When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to or from the object.

High School (9-12)

When two objects interacting through a field change relative position, the energy stored in the field is changed.