Plan and conduct an investigation to describe and classify different kinds of materials by their observable properties. 2-PS1-1
Clarification Statement: Observations could include color, texture, hardness, and flexibility. Patterns could include the similar properties that different materials share.
Assessment Boundary: none
Analyze data obtained from testing different materials to determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose. 2-PS1-2
Clarification Statement: Examples of properties could include, strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, and absorbency.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment of quantitative measurements is limited to length.
Make observations to construct an evidence-based account of how an object made of a small set of pieces can be disassembled and made into a new object. 2-PS1-3
Clarification Statement: Examples of pieces could include blocks, building bricks, or other assorted small objects.
Construct an argument with evidence that some changes caused by heating or cooling can be reversed and some cannot. 2-PS1-4
Clarification Statement: Examples of reversible changes could include materials such as water and butter at different temperatures. Examples of irreversible changes could include cooking an egg, freezing a plant leaf, and heating paper.
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
Plan and conduct an investigation collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer a question. (2-PS1-1)
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.
Analyze data from tests of an object or tool to determine if it works as intended. (2-PS1-2)
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomenon and designing solutions.
Make observations (firsthand or from media) to construct an evidence-based account for natural phenomena. (2-PS1-3)
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Engaging in argument from evidence in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to comparing ideas and representations about the natural and designed world(s).
Construct an argument with evidence to support a claim. (2-PS1-4)
Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena
Science searches for cause and effect relationships to explain natural events. (2-PS1-4)
Structure and Properties of Matter
Different kinds of matter exist and many of them can be either solid or liquid, depending on temperature. Matter can be described and classified by its observable properties. (2-PS1-1)
Different properties are suited to different purposes. (2-PS1-2), (2-PS1-3)
A great variety of objects can be built up from a small set of pieces. (2-PS1-3)
Heating or cooling a substance may cause changes that can be observed. Sometimes these changes are reversible, and sometimes they are not. (2-PS1-4)
Patterns in the natural and human designed world can be observed. (2-PS1-1)
Cause and Effect
Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute student ideas about causes. (2-PS1-2)
Events have causes that generate observable patterns. (2-PS1-4)
Energy and Matter
Objects may break into smaller pieces and be put together into larger pieces, or change shapes. (2-PS1-3)
Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World
Every human-made product is designed by applying some knowledge of the natural world and is built using materials derived from the natural world. (2-PS1-2)
More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support
the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
In this comprehensive STEM unit that utilizes science, math, technology, and language arts in 13-15 classroom sessions, students investigate standard units of measure and sort and classify objects according to their physical properties before applyin ...
Students will design and make bridges out of folded pieces of paper, and test how much weight they can hold using pennies. Students will be able to explain how a bridge’s shape can make it stronger and perform tests to compare differe ...
This activity is an extension of the Paper Bridge Design Challenge. In addition to making bridges out of folded pieces of paper, students will have access to a variety of materials (construction paper, aluminum foil, wax paper, cardstock, and m ...
This is a 5E lesson plan from the book Picture Perfect STEM Lessons, K-2 Using Children's Books to Inspire STEM Learning by Emily Morgan and Karen Ansberry. The books Beep! Beep! Go to Sleep! by Todd Tarpley and National Geographic Kids: Robots b ...
This resource combines The Engineering Design Process and technology using an iPad to have students create an electronic STEM journal documenting what they learned about wind and weather as they design sails for a model boat.
This quick and succint powerpoint slide presentation is useful for teachers. It provides a quick, background overview for teachers and students on the properties of materials.
This video is organized around the big question of the Physical Properties of Matter and it includes meaningful content. The video is 3:36 long. It is animated with a cool factor as it is part of a set of Vlog Brothers youtube channel cal ...
This short 20 minute video is well-done and engaging for young students in the 2nd grade. The video uses a well paced voice-over, interesting images, highlights vocabulary, and recaps of "what we learned so far". It starts out with &qu ...
This activity involves students collecting, feeling, and describing different types of soil from a known location based on properties. The students are guideded to learn that soil can have different properties depending on the different material ...
This 5-E lesson plan requires second graders to use observations and the engineering design process to test a variety of materials and decide which would make the best rain-proof roof for a doghouse.
This is a wonderfully supported and creative lesson that involves students taking apart an old appliance and making a new object using the appliance parts. The teacher guides students using a variety of teacher prompts and individual j ...
In this resource which is based on enactment in a second grade classroom and includes videos and examples of student work, the teacher introduces students to Watt's tower, a tower made of many pieces of junk in the neighborhood. Student ...
This resource is an interactive simulation designed to have students test various materials for different properties including flexibility, strength, waterproof, and transparency. The simulation includes a workshop where students can s ...
This wonderful set of lessons engage students in testing materials to understand their properties and discuss appropriate uses for the materials based on those properties. For example, one activity has the students examining the materi ...
This lesson allows students to collect data and sort objects according to their observable properties such as texture, color, weight, size, and temperature with direct instruction and in cooperative groups. The lesson includes many instructional ...
This lab activity explores four materials, crayon, pasta, matches, and lemonade, after they have heat added to them. The students collect and analyze information about whether or not the materials change state and if the chan ...
This three minute video is great for teachers who need a short and deeper understanding of what is entailed in the Performance Expectations for Properties of Matter and what is involved when a physical and chemical change occurs. It would be over the ...
This is an engaging music video that defines and gives examples of matter.The video is fun, colorful and explores many different kinds of matter as part of the music video sequence. Young students will love the song and the intera ...
None of these boxes quite fit what this resource is: It is a number of short videos of objects hitting other objects in extremely slow motion. Liquids hitting liquids, solids hitting solids, and all other combinations. Personal teaching favorites are ...
This is an lesson plan that accompanies the reading or watching of The Magic School Bus Bakes a Cake, or Ready Set Dough. The lesson is a short activity with guided questions that accompany making prezel dough. In the bo ...
In this engaging lesson, the students examine and describe materials and their properties in order to assemble these materials into a strong building that could withstand the earth shaking. The physical science core ideas in the P ...
This lesson is designed for K-2 students. In the lesson, students will gain an understanding of the water cycle and make observations of water in several different forms (solid, liquid, gas) to gain critical understanding that water is cons ...
Do you have a great resource to share with the community?
First, login into site.
Editable materials list for investigating the strength and utility of pasta as a building material. Includes investigation of materials used to hold strands together (candies and tapes)
Editable materials list for students to complete to investigate the properties of materials before designing a life vest for a doll.
Staudt, C., & Broadhead, J. (2017). Sensing science through modeling matter. @Concord, 21(1), 12-13.
Early learners have significant—and highly untapped—potential for understanding abstract concepts and reasoning in sophisticated ways. Research ha...
Kimball, N., & Broadhead, J. (2015) The land of bump: How an animated story helps young students develop heat and temperature concepts. @Concord, 19(2), 10-11.
Over the past years we have conducted dozens of interviews with groups of children in ...
Properties of Matter: Pirate Adventure is an iPad only mobile application. There are 4 games in which children sort items, balance the boat, change temperature, and then identify the necessary properties of the materials to do specific tasks. In addi...
Pirates and Describing Matter lesson overview with suggested Center activities, children's trade book lists, and mobile application.
This resource was made to address the NGSS 2-PS1-3 under the topic of Structures and Properties of Matter. This deals with reversible and irreversible changes of matter. While this is a second-grade standard, it is appropriate for any grade addressin...
Watermelon and Grape
Back and Forth
A House for Chase the Dog
This science resource is full of lessons, readings, and activities to help you, as a classroom teacher, to cover all of the NGSS.