Carolina Biological K-8 Curriculum – April 2024

5th Grade

Matter and Its Interactions


Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved. 5-PS1-2

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: Examples of reactions or changes could include phase changes, dissolving, and mixing that form new substances.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include distinguishing mass and weight.

Science and Engineering Practices

Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking

Mathematical and computational thinking at the 3–5 level builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to extending quantitative measurements to a variety of physical properties and using computation and mathematics to analyze data and compare alternative design solutions.

Measure and graph quantities such as weight to address scientific and engineering questions and problems. (5-PS1-2)

Crosscutting Concepts

Scale, Proportion, and Quantity

Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities such as weight, time, temperature, and volume. (5-PS1-2)

Connections to Nature of Science

Scientific Knowledge Assumes an Order and Consistency in Natural Systems

Science assumes consistent patterns in natural systems. (5-PS1-2)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • W.5.7 - Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. (5-PS1-2)
  • W.5.8 - Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources. (5-PS1-2)
  • W.5.9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (5-PS1-2)
  • 5.MD.A.1 - Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multi-step, real world problems. (5-PS1-2)
  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-PS1-2)
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (5-PS1-2)
  • MP.5 - Use appropriate tools strategically. (5-PS1-2)