Carolina Biological-Knowledge Center – July 2024

5th Grade

Matter and Its Interactions


Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties. 5-PS1-3

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: Examples of materials to be identified could include baking soda and other powders, metals, minerals, and liquids. Examples of properties could include color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility; density is not intended as an identifiable property.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include density or distinguishing mass and weight.

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to include investigations that control variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions.

Make observations and measurements to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence for an explanation of a phenomenon. (5-PS1-3)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • W.5.7 - Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. (5-PS1-3)
  • W.5.8 - Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources. (5-PS1-3)
  • W.5.9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (5-PS1-3)
  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-PS1-3)
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (5-PS1-3)
  • MP.5 - Use appropriate tools strategically. (5-PS1-3)