Carolina Biological K-8 Curriculum – April 2024

5th Grade

Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions


Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Support an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down. 5-PS2-1

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: “Down” is a local description of the direction that points toward the center of the spherical Earth.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include mathematical representation of gravitational force.

Science and Engineering Practices

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).

Support an argument with evidence, data, or a model. (5-PS2-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • RI.5.1 - Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (5-PS2-1)
  • RI.5.9 - Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. (5-PS2-1)
  • W.5.1 - Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (5-PS2-1)