Support an argument that differences in the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is due to their relative distances from the Earth. 5-ESS1-1
Clarification Statement: none
Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to relative distances, not sizes, of stars. Assessment does not include other factors that affect apparent brightness (such as stellar masses, age, stage).
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).
Support an argument with evidence, data, or a model. (5-ESS1-1)
The Universe and Its Stars
The sun is a star that appears larger and brighter than other stars because it is closer. Stars range greatly in their distance from Earth. (5-ESS1-1)
Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
Natural objects exist from the very small to the immensely large. (5-ESS1-1)
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In this activity students explore the relative size of the sun and Earth as well as the distance between them at that relative size. This activity serves as a first step to building understanding of distances in space.
This is a formative assessment probe designed to elicit student ideas about the relative positions of objects seen in the sky. Students observe a picture of a person viewing the night sky and wonder about the distance of the moon and stars ...
Participants use provided images of earth and space objects to arrange them in order of their size, their distance from Earth, their temperature, and/or their age. Through this work students represent and confront their mental models of space an ...
This resource is a packet of supplementary curriculum materials for grades 2-4 developed by the Stanford SOLAR (Solar On-Line Activity Resources) Center in conjunction with NASA and the Learning Technologies Channel. This evaluation refers to t ...
Students construct a size-distance scale model for the sun, Earth, moon and stars. In addition, they use their bodies and movements to model the relationship between time and astronomical motions of Earth (rotation on its axis and orbit around ...
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Developing and Using Models
Scientists and Engineers are Imaginative
Scientists and Engineers are Patient
Scientists and Engineers are Visionary
Scientists and Engineers are Inquisitive
Scientists and Engineers are Passionate
Scientists and Engineers are Persuasive