Carolina Biological-Knowledge Center – July 2024

Middle School

Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer


Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials. MS-PS4-2

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on both light and mechanical waves. Examples of models could include drawings, simulations, and written descriptions.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to qualitative applications pertaining to light and mechanical waves.

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • SL.8.5 - Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest. (MS-PS4-2)