Carolina Biological-Knowledge Center – April 2024




Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. K-PS3-1

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water

Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.

Make observations (firsthand or from media) to collect data that can be used to make comparisons. (K-PS3-1)

Connections to Nature of Science

Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods

Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.BConservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Sunlight warms Earth’s surface. (K-PS3-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • W.K.7 - Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-PS3-1)
  • K.MD.A.2 - Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of"/"less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-PS3-1)