Jim Allison: Breakthrough

The Standards

3rd Grade

Earth and Human Activity

Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Make a claim about the merit of a design solution that reduces the impacts of a weather-related hazard. 3-ESS3-1

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: Examples of design solutions to weather-related hazards could include barriers to prevent flooding, wind resistant roofs, and lightning rods.

Assessment Boundary: none

Science and Engineering Practices

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).

Make a claim about the merit of a solution to a problem by citing relevant evidence about how it meets the criteria and constraints of the problem. (3-ESS3-1)

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change. (3-ESS3-1)

Connections to Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science

Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World

Engineers improve existing technologies or develop new ones to increase their benefits (e.g., better artificial limbs), decrease known risks (e.g., seatbelts in cars), and meet societal demands (e.g., cell phones). (3-ESS3-1)

Connections to Nature of Science

Science Is a Human Endeavor

Science affects everyday life. (3-ESS3-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • RI.3.1 - Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. (3-ESS3-1)
  • W.3.1 - Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. (3-ESS3-1)
  • W.3.7 - Conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic. (3-ESS3-1)
  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (3-ESS3-1)
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (3-ESS3-1)

Model Course Mapping

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