The Standards

4th Grade


Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object. 4-PS3-1

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: none

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include quantitative measures of changes in the speed of an object or on any precise or quantitative definition of energy.

Science and Engineering Practices

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to the use of evidence in constructing explanations that specify variables that describe and predict phenomena and in designing multiple solutions to design problems.

Use evidence (e.g., measurements, observations, patterns) to construct an explanation. (4-PS3-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.ADefinitions of Energy

The faster a given object is moving, the more energy it possesses. (4-PS3-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • RI.4.1 - Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (4-PS3-1)
  • RI.4.3 - Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text. (4-PS3-1)
  • RI.4.9 - Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. (4-PS3-1)
  • W.4.2 - Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. (4-PS3-1)
  • W.4.8 - Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources. (4-PS3-1)
  • W.4.9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (4-PS3-1)

Model Course Mapping

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