Ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide. 4-PS3-3
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the change in the energy due to the change in speed, not on the forces, as objects interact.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include quantitative measurements of energy.
Asking Questions and Defining Problems
Asking questions and defining problems in grades 3–5 builds from grades K–2 experiences and progresses to specifying qualitative relationships.
Ask questions that can be investigated and predict reasonable outcomes based on patterns such as cause and effect relationships. (4-PS3-3)
Definitions of Energy
Energy can be moved from place to place by moving objects or through sound, light, or electric currents. (4-PS3-3)
Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
Energy is present whenever there are moving objects, sound, light, or heat. When objects collide, energy can be transferred from one object to another, thereby changing their motion. In such collisions, some energy is typically also transferred to the surrounding air; as a result, the air gets heated and sound is produced. (4-PS3-3)
Relationship Between Energy and Forces
When objects collide, the contact forces transfer energy so as to change the objects’ motions. (4-PS3-3)
Energy and Matter
Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects. (4-PS3-3)
More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support
the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
In this video, the creator shows how he designed a chain reaction in which a tiny block topples a much larger one. Teachers may want to introduce the video using actual blocks. "How could we topple a large block (or a book) using a tiny block?&q ...
OK Go’s music video, “This Too Shall Pass,” was created by musicians, artists, and engineers working collaboratively to perfectly synchronize the events in a Rube Goldberg-style chain reaction. The video provides multiple opportunit ...
This two-part lesson plan focuses on the question, "How can you plan and conduct an experiment to explain how speeds change when objects collide?" It is the second lesson of a unit developed to explore this question. The lesson starts with ...
Sled Wars is an interactive simulation that allows students to explore what happens when objects collide. By crashing a virtual sled into a row of snowmen, students can observe how variables affect energy transfer in a collision. They can change the ...
This article helps teachers understand the complexity of teaching about energy and gives suggestions for making this topic accessible to elementary students. The focus is on introducing the concepts of energy and energy transfer through marble collis ...
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When I teach sound or first introduce students to the idea of observation using our listening skills, I use two different videos. This is the first one. It is a video where Andrew Shum uses 10 different household objects to create a modern music vide...
This is the second video I use when introducing the concept of sound or when I want to give the students practice on using their listening skills.
I follow the same method as for the first video where I hide the video and ask the students to guess...
Future Goals - Hockey Scholar™ brings science, technology,
engineering, and math (STEM) concepts to life using the
exciting, fast-paced game of hockey. Through immersive real-life
simulations, students build their understanding of fundamental
This is a set of 12 science posters. They make a good supplement for many Next Generation Science lessons. There is one poster for kinetic energy and one for potential energy. These are the two major categories under which all types of energy fall. T...
From TeachEngineering - To further their understanding of sound energy, students identify the different pitches and frequencies created by a vibrating ruler and a straw kazoo. They create high- and low-pitch sound waves.
Scientists and Engineers are Diligent
Scientists and Engineers are Inspired
Scientists and Engineers are Thinkers
Developing and Using Models
Scientists and Engineers are Imaginative
Scientists and Engineers are Patient
Scientists and Engineers are Visionary
Scientists and Engineers are Creative
Scientists and Engineers are Fearless
Scientists and Engineers are Risk Takers