Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction. 4-LS1-1
Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include thorns, stems, roots, colored petals, heart, stomach, lung, brain, and skin.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to macroscopic structures within plant and animal systems.
Use a model to describe that animals receive different types of information through their senses, process the information in their brain, and respond to the information in different ways. 4-LS1-2
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on systems of information transfer.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include the mechanisms by which the brain stores and recalls information or the mechanisms of how sensory receptors function.
Develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen. 4-PS4-2
Clarification Statement: none
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include knowledge of specific colors reflected and seen, the cellular mechanisms of vision, or how the retina works.
Developing and Using Models
Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.
Develop a model to describe phenomena. (4-PS4-2)
Use a model to test interactions concerning the functioning of a natural system. (4-LS1-2)
Engaging in Argument from Evidence
Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).
Construct an argument with evidence, data, and/or a model. (4-LS1-1)
An object can be seen when light reflected from its surface enters the eyes. (4-PS4-2)
Structure and Function
Plants and animals have both internal and external structures that serve various functions in growth, survival, behavior, and reproduction. (4-LS1-1)
Different sense receptors are specialized for particular kinds of information, which may be then processed by the animal’s brain. Animals are able to use their perceptions and memories to guide their actions. (4-LS1-2)
Cause and Effect
Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified. (4-PS4-2)
Systems and System Models
A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions. (4-LS1-1), (4-LS1-2)
More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support
the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
Through this educational guide and the nonfiction picture book Beauty and Beak by Deborah Lee Rose, students learn how science, technology, and a 3D-printed beak rescued a bald eagle. Beauty and the Beak tells the story of a bald eagle whose be ...
Eat Like a Bird is the January lesson of a series of 10 monthly Feathered Friends lessons created by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Pennington Wild Birds. The lesson focuses on bird beak forms and the type of food each bird has evolved ...
This unit is comprised of a series of lessons that follow the 5E model, providing students with opportunities to learn about pollination on different levels. Studying the structures and functions of flowers and bees through text, video, and observati ...
In this activity, students monitor the position of plants to find out whether or not they change position in response to a change in sunlight. By measuring the distance from a leaf to a sunny window, students can generate data to prove plants move to ...
This article from NSTA's Science and Children outlines a series of lessons on structure and function, with an extension lesson that incorporates related engineering design. Students are guided to observe ants in their natural habitat, experiment ...
This short, high-definition video shows a struggle between a wasp and an ant in extreme closeup. After viewing, students should be able to make inferences about the functions of certain specialized structures of each insect and support their ideas wi ...
This activity, created by the California Academy of Sciences, gives students the opportunity to explore the relationship between the structure of their teeth and their various functions. The students eat different types of food, consciously noti ...
This short activity, one of many "Science Snacks" from the Exploratorium science museum in San Francisco, provides students with an opportunity to create ear structures that model the ears of familiar animals and explore how ...
In this activity students examine how the structure of various animal mouthparts affects their function. They will have an opportunity to predict what foods are likely to be eaten by birds with different beak types, watch a video compa ...
In this series of activities, students collect and observe different types of seeds and hypothesize about how they might be dispersed. They also investigate the design of seeds that use a helicopter method of wind dispersal, which offers an oppo ...
This article from the March 2015 issue of Science and Children (which focuses on the Crosscutting Concept of Structure and Function), provides detailed plans for a lesson sequence on structure and function for upper elementary students. It incorporat ...
In this activity, students experience the difficulty of trying to gather food with an ineffective model of an insect mouthpart, and then investigate how effective various insect mouth structures are for gathering different food sources.
This resource allows the user to accurately measure and experiment with human reaction time. An interactive program measures reaction times in milliseconds and compares them in different cases (from simply reacting to a visual cue to having to read a ...
In this activity, students make a pinhole camera and see images formed on an internal screen. They then use a lens to see how this affects the images. Students investigate variables in its construction, and explore how it models the human eye's a ...
Students learn about insect body structures and their functions through print materials and a video, and then design their own insect to demonstrate understanding of essential life processes.
Do you have a great resource to share with the community?
First, login into site.
This is a good lesson on echolocation.
Students will identify the parts of a honey bee, the stages of its life cycle, and its role in pollination.
lessons and worksheet
Nearly all of the slides from the PowerPoint presentation are included. Samples of books written by teachers are highlighted.
From TeachEngineering - Students learn about biomimicry and how engineers often imitate nature in the design of innovative new products. They demonstrate their knowledge of biomimicry by practicing brainstorming and designing a new product based on w...
From TeachEngineering - In this activity, students will experience echolocation themselves. They actually try echolocation by wearing blindfolds while another student makes snapping noises in front of, behind, or to the side of them.
From TeachEngineering - In this activity, students construct their own pinhole camera to observe the behavior of light.
From TeachEngineering - Student groups rotate through four stations to examine light energy behavior: refraction, magnification, prisms and polarization. They see how a beam of light is refracted (bent) through various transparent mediums. While lear...
Scientists and Engineers are Diligent
Scientists and Engineers are Inspired
Scientists and Engineers are Thinkers
Scientists and Engineers are Imaginative
Scientists and Engineers are Patient
Scientists and Engineers are Visionary
Scientists and Engineers are Intuitive
Scientists and Engineers are Observant
Scientists and Engineers are Puzzlers
Scientists and Engineers are Creative
Scientists and Engineers are Fearless
Scientists and Engineers are Risk Takers
Is It a Plant?
Is It Made of Parts?
Do They Need Air?
Connecting literacy and science through an elementary biomimicry lesson.
Upper elementary unit that combines literacy and science in an engaging manner where students solve a real-world problem by mimicking nature.
Animalearn has compiled free & affordable life science education resources so you can learn or teach from home. Biology, anatomy, life cycle, and more.