Plan and conduct an investigation to determine if plants need sunlight and water to grow. 2-LS2-1
Clarification Statement: none
Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to testing one variable at a time.
Develop a simple model that mimics the function of an animal in dispersing seeds or pollinating plants. 2-LS2-2
Assessment Boundary: none
Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats. 2-LS4-1
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the diversity of living things in each of a variety of different habitats.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include specific animal and plant names in specific habitats.
Developing and Using Models
Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, or storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.
Develop a simple model based on evidence to represent a proposed object or tool. (2-LS2-2)
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
Plan and conduct an investigation collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer a question. (2-LS2-1)
Make observations (firsthand or from media) to collect data which can be used to make comparisons. (2-LS4-1)
Science Knowledge Is Based on Empirical Evidence
Scientists look for patterns and order when making observations about the world. (2-LS4-1)
Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
Plants depend on water and light to grow. (2-LS2-1)
Plants depend on animals for pollination or to move their seeds around. (2-LS2-2)
Biodiversity and Humans
There are many different kinds of living things in any area, and they exist in different places on land and in water. (2-LS4-1)
Developing Possible Solutions
Designs can be conveyed through sketches, drawings, or physical models. These representations are useful in communicating ideas for a problem’s solutions to other people. (secondary to 2-LS2-2)
Cause and Effect
Events have causes that generate observable patterns. (2-LS2-1)
Structure and Function
The shape and stability of structures of natural and designed objects are related to their function(s). (2-LS2-2)
More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support
the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
In this resource, students examine the need for seeds to have water for optimum growth in the first investigation. Students will discuss the key components needed for plant growth and survival. Students will conduct their own investigation about the ...
In this lesson, students learn about seed dispersal and how some seeds must move away from the parent plant in order to survive. This activity can be found in the second grade category of Plant Adventures and Plant Adaptations. Educators will need t ...
The video is a “how to” video, explaining the use a paintbrush as a tool for pollination when there aren’t enough bees. The video would need to be used in conjunction with other media or first-hand observational experiences wi ...
The activity by 4-H sets up a model using a funnel, juice, cornmeal, and pipecleaners to represent the flower’s structures and the corresponding structures of the pollinators. The material has some useful extension ideas for recording observati ...
Buzz pollination is a special technique that bumbles use to dislodge pollen. This is a specialized function of the bumble bees buzzing and is needed for spreading pollen between potatoes, tomatoes, and blueberries. The video has beautiful camera work ...
This lesson exposes children to a wide range of animals and guides them through observation of animal similarities, differences, and environmental adaptations. This lesson can be used as part of a study of plants and animals and the interdependent re ...
In this simple lesson, students learn about the parts of a bee, construct a bee as an art project, and model a bee’s activity during pollination.
The short 5 minute video highlights animals that live in the tiny country of Costa Rica. The video has almost no speaking, but features the animals in their environment. Some of the animals are familiar and others will not be. The rainforest is one o ...
The short 8 minute video highlights animals that all live in the habitat under a log. An elementary teacher walks student viewers through the steps of moving a log, identifying the invertebrates, and other animals and plants that live there, with add ...
The short 5-minute video highlights animals that all live in the tiny country of Costa Rica. The video has no words or speaking, and some of the animals are familiar and others will not be. The rainforest is one of the most biodiverse areas on the pl ...
The short 5 minute video describes a particular kind of pollination, called buzz pollination, an adaptation of plants to select their pollinator for maximum dispersal.
Students discover firsthand what a habitat is by exploring a “habitat in a bucket” that includes outdoor habitat items (e.g., leaves, branches, snails, etc.) that have been collected and brought into the classroom. Students use the explor ...
This 23 second video about an impatient seed pod exploding is a natural phenomena that may be used as a lead into a discussions about another way that seeds disperse.
This activity will help students understand the role of a pollinator by having them construct a model of an insect and a model of a flower to investigate how flowers are pollinated.
Students explore physical structures and adaptations of insects to discover a wide range of insect diversity within habitats. Then students use what they have learned to create an insect with physical structures and capabilities to survive in a speci ...
This article discusses how students were engaged in a year-long project that integrated science, mathematics, and literacy. Utilizing a project-based learning (PBL) format entitled garden-based learning (GBL) students participat ...
This lesson encourages students to use what they have learned about animals and seed dispersal to create an animal out of various materials that can hold and disperse a given amount of seed.
This is Lesson 6 of a twelve lesson unit about pollination and pollinators. In this lesson students will learn about the structure of certain seeds that enable these seeds to be easily moved by animals. They participate in an activity to mi ...
For this lesson, the students listen to the teacher read a book about the rainforest. Students make observations from the book to compare the new information on a classification organizer about plant and animal life in the rainforest. ...
This is a fun song for early elementary students about sharing the diversity of life in a rainforest.
The Bug Chicks' five minute video provides a fun, animated way of learning about the fascinating world of pollination and insects. In this video, the students observe interesting museums and habitats to look at lesser known in ...
This lesson is part of a series of lessons created by Jeri Faber on using the engineering design process to solve a problem. In the Ice Scream, You Scream We All Scream for Vanilla Ice Cream, the students were challenged to design a vanill ...
This lesson is the second day of an end of the unit task to address the Performance Expectation: Develop a simple model that mimics the function of an animal in dispersing seeds or pollinating plants. This end of unit t ...
In previous lessons designed by Jeri Faber, students have learned about how animals help pollinate flowers. The students have also planned and designed their own vanilla plant pollinator. In this lesson, students use the engineering desig ...
“I Wonder” is a series of animated videos featuring Stampy and Keen. In the series, Stampy and Keen investigate how the world works. On this particular episode of “I Wonder”, Stampy and Keen learn all the ways to sp ...
In this lesson students design a vanilla plant pollinator. This is an end-of-the-unit task, taking about 3 days to complete. The students will view an amazing video that tells about the problems with pollinating vanill ...
This resource is an excerpt of lessons from the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Investigating Plants with Wisconsin Fast Plants Program. Students will explore Fast Plants' flowers and learn how flowers and their internal structures are related to ...
Students identify the physical needs of animals. Through classroom discussion, students speculate on the needs of plants. With teacher guidance, students then design an experiment that can take place in the classroom to test whether or not plants nee ...
The video demonstrates a simple investigation students may participate in to gain a better understanding of the external features of plants that help them thrive and survive in different kinds of places.
This video, presented in the form of a game show, introduces students to the unusual leaves of some plants and how they help the plant survive. It is a nice introduction to a study of plant structures and functions or as a discucssion starter fo ...
Students will explore the importance sunlight for a plant's survival by conducting an investigation. Each group of students will cover parts of plants' leaves with black construction paper and make observations of the plant’s leaves over several days ...
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Students will investigate the life cycle and decomposition of pumpkins.
Lessons in this unit:
Please note: You will need access to YouTube as there are many suggestions for videos in these lessons.
Lesson 1 - What are the Needs of All Living Things?
Lesson 2 - Do Plants Need to Have Water and Sunlight to Grow?
From TeachEngineering - Students learn about biomimicry and how engineers often imitate nature in the design of innovative new products. They demonstrate their knowledge of biomimicry by practicing brainstorming and designing a new product based on w...
Looking for Birds
Seeds in Our food
Is It a Plant?
This science resource is full of lessons, readings, and activities to help you, as a classroom teacher, to cover all of the NGSS.