AEOP eCYBERMISSION - Virtual STEM Competition 6-9

Student Lab Manual for Argument-Driven Inquiry in Chemistry: Lab Investigations for Grades 9-12

by: Victor Sampson, Peter Carafano, Patrick Enderle, Steve Fannin, Jonathon Grooms, Sherry A. Southerland, Carol Stallworth, and Kiesha Williams

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Are you interested in using argument-driven inquiry for high school lab instruction but aren’t sure how to do it? You aren’t alone. Argument-Driven Inquiry in Chemistry is a one-stop source of expertise, advice, and investigations, with the information and materials you need to start using this method right away. The book includes 30 field-tested labs that cover a broad range of topics related to chemical reactions and matter’s structure and properties. The investigations are designed to be more authentic scientific experiences than traditional laboratory activities. They give your students an opportunity to design their own methods, develop models, collect and analyze data, generate arguments, and critique claims and evidence. Student Lab Manual for Argument-Driven Inquiry in Chemistry provides the student materials you need to guide your students through these investigations. With lab details, student handouts, and safety information, your students will be ready to start investigating.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

About the Authors



SECTION 1

Using Argument-Driven Inquiry

Introduction by Victor Sampson

Safety in the Science Classroom, Laboratory, or Field Sites



SECTION 2—Physical Sciences Core Idea 1.A

Structure and Properties of Matter



INTRODUCTION LABS

Lab 1. Bond Character and Molecular Polarity: How Does Atom Electronegativity Affect Bond Character and Molecular Polarity?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 2. Molecular Shapes: How Does the Number of Substituents Around a Central Atom Affect the Shape of a Molecule?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 3. Rate of Dissolution: Why Does the Surface Area of the Solute, the Temperature of the Solvent, and the Amount of Agitation That Occurs When the Solute and the Solvent Are Mixed Affect the Rate of Dissolution?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 4. Molarity: What Is the Mathematical Relationship Between the Moles of a Solute, the Volume of the Solvent, and the Molarity of an Aqueous Solution?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 5. Temperature Changes Due to Evaporation: Which of the Available Substances Has the Strongest Intermolecular Forces?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 6. Pressure, Temperature, and Volume of Gases: How Does Changing the Volume or the Temperature of a Gas Affect the Pressure of That Gas?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 7. Periodic Trends: Which Properties of the Elements Follow a Periodic Trend?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 8. Solutes and the Freezing Point of Water: How Does the Addition of Different Types of Solutes Affect the Freezing Point of Water?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions



APPLICATION LABS

Lab 9. Melting and Freezing Points: Why Do Substances Have Specific Melting and Freezing Points?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 10. Identification of an Unknown Based on Physical Properties: What Type of Solution Is the Unknown Liquid?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 11. Atomic Structure and Electromagnetic Radiation: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Powders?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 12. Magnetism and Atomic Structure: What Relationships Exist Between the Electrons in a Substance and the Strength of Magnetic Attraction?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 13. Density and the Periodic Table: What Are the Densities of Germanium and Ununquadium?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 14. Molar Relationships: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Compounds?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 15. The Ideal Gas Law: How Can a Value of R for the Ideal Gas Law Be Accurately Determined Inside the Laboratory?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions



SECTION 3— Physical Sciences Core Idea 1.B

Chemical Reactions



INTRODUCTION LABS

Lab 16. Development of a Reaction Matrix: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Chemicals?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 17. Limiting Reactants: Why Does Mixing Reactants in Different Mole Ratios Affect the Amount of the Product and the Amount of Each Reactant That Is Left Over?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 18. Characteristics of Acids and Bases: How Can the Chemical Properties of an Aqueous Solution Be Used to Identify It as an Acid or a Base?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 19. Strong and Weak Acids: Why Do Strong And Weak Acids Behave in a Different Manner Even Though They Have the Same Chemical Properties?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 20. Enthalpy Change of Solution: How Can Chemists Use the Properties of a Solute to Predict If an Enthalpy Change of Solution Will Be Exothermic or Endothermic?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 21. Reaction Rates: Why Do Changes in Temperature and Reactant Concentration Affect the Rate of a Reaction?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 22. Equilibrium: Why Do Changes in Temperature, Reactant Concentration, and Product Concentration Affect the Equilibrium Point of a Reaction?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions



APPLICATION LABS

Lab 23. Classification of Changes in Matter: Which Changes Are Examples of a Chemical Change and Which Are Examples of a Physical Change?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 24. Identification of Reaction Products: What Are the Products of the Chemical Reactions?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 25. Acid-Base Titration and Neutralization Reactions: What Is the Concentration of Acetic Acid in Each Sample of Vinegar?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 26. Composition of Chemical Compounds: What Is the Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 27. Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions: Which Balanced Chemical Equation Best Represents the Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Bicarbonate?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 28. Designing a Cold Pack: Which Salt Should Be Used to Make an Effective but Economical Cold Pack?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 29. Rate Laws: What Is the Rate Law for the Reaction Between Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Thiosulfate?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions

Lab 30. Equilibrium Constant and Temperature: How Does a Change in Temperature Affect the Value of the Equilibrium Constant for an Exothermic Reaction?

Teacher Notes

Lab Handout

Checkout Questions



SECTION 4

Appendixes



Appendix 1. Standards Alignment Matrixes

Appendix 2. Timeline Options for Implementing ADI Lab Investigations

Appendix 3. Investigation Proposal Options

Appendix 4. Peer-Review Guide and Instructor Scoring Rubric



Image Credits

Index



Lab 11. Atomic Structure and Electromagnetic Radiation: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Powders?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 12. Magnetism and Atomic Structure: What Relationships Exist Between the Electrons in a Substance and the Strength of Magnetic Attraction?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 13. Density and the Periodic Table: What Are the Densities of Germanium and Ununquadium?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 14. Molar Relationships: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Compounds?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 15. The Ideal Gas Law: How Can a Value of R for the Ideal Gas Law Be Accurately Determined Inside the Laboratory?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions



SECTION 3: Physical Sciences Core Idea 1.B Chemical Reactions


INTRODUCTION LABS



Lab 16. Development of a Reaction Matrix: What Are the Identities of the Unknown Chemicals?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 17. Limiting Reactants: Why Does Mixing Reactants in Different Mole Ratios Affect the Amount of the Product and the Amount of Each Reactant That Is Left Over?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 18. Characteristics of Acids and Bases: How Can the Chemical Properties of an Aqueous Solution Be Used to Identify It as an Acid or a Base?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 19. Strong and Weak Acids: Why Do Strong And Weak Acids Behave in a Different Manner Even Though They Have the Same Chemical Properties?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 20. Enthalpy Change of Solution: How Can Chemists Use the Properties of a Solute to Predict If an Enthalpy Change of Solution Will Be Exothermic or Endothermic?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 21. Reaction Rates: Why Do Changes in Temperature and Reactant Concentration Affect the Rate of a Reaction?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 22. Equilibrium: Why Do Changes in Temperature, Reactant Concentration, and Product Concentration Affect the Equilibrium Point of a Reaction?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions



APPLICATION LABS


Lab 23. Classification of Changes in Matter: Which Changes Are Examples of a Chemical Change and Which Are Examples of a Physical Change?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 24. Identification of Reaction Products: What Are the Products of the Chemical Reactions?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 25. Acid-Base Titration and Neutralization Reactions: What Is the Concentration of Acetic Acid in Each Sample of Vinegar?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 26. Composition of Chemical Compounds: What Is the Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 27. Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions: Which Balanced Chemical Equation Best Represents the Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Bicarbonate?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 28. Designing a Cold Pack: Which Salt Should Be Used to Make an Effective but Economical Cold Pack?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 29. Rate Laws: What Is the Rate Law for the Reaction Between Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Thiosulfate?

Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions


Lab 30. Equilibrium Constant and Temperature: How Does a Change in Temperature Affect the Value of the Equilibrium Constant for an Exothermic Reaction?


Teacher Notes


Lab Handout


Checkout Questions



SECTION 4: Appendixes


Appendix 1. Standards Alignment Matrixes


Appendix 2. Timeline Options for Implementing ADI Lab Investigations


Appendix 3. Investigation Proposal Options


Appendix 4. Peer-Review Guide and Instructor Scoring Rubric



Image Credits

Index

Grade Levels

High School

Topics

Assessment Chemistry Curriculum Inquiry Instructional Materials Labs Lesson Plans Literacy Phenomena Teacher Preparation Teaching Strategies Three-Dimensional Learning

Details

Type NSTA Press BookPub Date 1/25/2016Pages 266ISBN 978-1-68140-013-6Stock # PB349X2S

NSTA Press produces classroom-ready activities, hands-on approaches to inquiry, relevant professional development, the latest scientific education news and research, assessment and standards-based instruction.

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