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Science for English Language Learners: K-12 Classroom Strategies

edited by: Ann K. Fathman and David T. Crowther

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If you work with linguistically and culturally diverse students, you and your students will benefit from the foundation this book provides for teaching both science and language. Science for English Language Learners brings you the best practices from different but complementary fields of science education and English language teaching, integrating the two.

The book is designed so you can easily dip in and out of the topics you want. It’s organized into four sections:

1. Principles and practices that science and English teaching share

2. Classroom strategies for planning, teaching, assessing, and extending learning

3. How to design lessons and model lessons for K—12 students

4. Context and research, including an overview of science and English as a second language standards; instructional practices; and ways to integrate science, language, and literacy

Each of the 10 chapters is coauthored by experienced science and language educators who coordinate their approaches to teaching English language learners. By capitalizing on strengths from both fields, Science for English Language Learners will help you reach all students.

Table of Contents



About the Editors

Author Biographies

Section I

Parallels in Language and

Science Teaching

Chapter 1

Teaching English Through Science and Science Through English

Ann K. Fathman, David T. Crowther

• Window into the classroom

• Connection between science and language development

• Addressing the needs of diverse students

• Impact of standards on teaching

• Similarities in science and language learning processes

• Overlap of best practices

• Importance of collaboration

• Need for professional development

Chapter 2

Learners, Programs, and Teaching Practices

David T. Crowther, Joaquin S. Vilá, Ann K. Fathman

• Window into the classroom

• Diversity in schools

• English language learners

• Programs for English language learners

• How a second language is learned

• How science is learned

• Best practices in science teaching and language teaching

Section II

Strategies for Planning, Teaching, Assessing, and Extending Learning

Chapter 3

Planning Science and English Instruction: One Teacher’s Experience

• Ann Baumgarten, Marie Bacher

• Window into the classroom

• Using standards to plan instruction

• Using student information to plan instruction

• Putting all the pieces together

• Conclusion

Chapter 4

Strategies for Teaching Science to English Learners

Deborah Maatta, Fred Dobb, Karen Ostlund

• Window into the classroom

• Connecting with students

• Teacher talk

• Student talk

• Academic vocabulary

• Reading skills

• Writing skills

• Collaborative learning

• Scientific language

• Process skills of inquiry

• Conclusion

Chapter 5

Strategies for Assessing Science and Language Learning

Anne Katz, Joanne K. Olson

• Window into the classroom

• Using standards to assess learning

• Guiding principles for assessing language learners in science

• Applying assessment principles in the science classroom

• Using assessment to improve learning

• Summary

Section III

Lessons for Science and Language Learning

Chapter 6

Science Beyond Classroom Walls: Fairs, Family Nights, Museums, and the Internet

John R. Cannon, Judith Sweeney Lederman, Monica Colucci, Miosotys Smith

• Window into the classroom

• Informal science learning experiences and resources

• Science fairs and family science

• Technology: Resources for teachers and students

Chapter 7

Designing Lessons: Inquiry Approach to Science Using the SIOP Model

Jana Echevarria, Alan Colburn

• Window into the classroom

• Inquiry-based instruction

• The learning cycle

• The SIOP Model

• Merging inquiry and the SIOP

• A lesson designed by a science teacher

• A lesson designed by an ELL expert

• Conclusion

Chapter 8

Lessons That Work: Science Lessons for English Learners

Ann K. Fathman, Olga Amaral

• Window into the classroom

• Sample lesson plan formats

• Lessons for primary grades

• Lessons for intermediate grades

• Lessons for middle school

• Lesson for high school

• Effective lesson components

• Conclusion

Section IV

Contexts for Classroom


Chapter 9

Standards for Science and English Language Proficiency

Margo Gottlieb, Norman G. Lederman

• Window into the classroom

• Science education standards

• English language proficiency standards

• Integration of language and content using examples from science

• Implications for teaching

• An integrated approach to standards-based instruction and assessment

• Applications for the classroom

• Summary

Chapter 10

Perspectives on Teaching and Integrating English as a Second Language and Science

Deborah J. Short, Marlene Thier

Window into the classroom

Changes in English as a second language (ESL) instruction

Changes in science education

Teaching science

Promoting scientific literacy among English language learners

Research-based practices and programs


Appendix A

• Web References for National Organizations and Resources

Appendix B

• Glossary of Science and Language Terms

Appendix C

• Safety for the Science Classroom


NSTA Press produces classroom-ready activities, hands-on approaches to inquiry, relevant professional development, the latest scientific education news and research, assessment and standards-based instruction.

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