Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. K-PS3-1
Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water
Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.
Use tools and materials provided to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area. K-PS3-2
Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.
Assessment Boundary: none
Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.
Make observations (firsthand or from media) to collect data that can be used to make comparisons. (K-PS3-1)
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomenon and designing solutions.
Use tools and materials provided to design and build a device that solves a specific problem or a solution to a specific problem. (K-PS3-2)
Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods
Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)
Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
Sunlight warms Earth’s surface. (K-PS3-1), (K-PS3-2)
Cause and Effect
Events have causes that generate observable patterns. (K-PS3-1), (K-PS3-2)