The Standards

High School

Engineering Design

Students who demonstrate understanding can:



Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem. HS-ETS1-4

Clarification Statement and Assessment Boundary

Clarification Statement: none

Assessment Boundary: none

Science and Engineering Practices

Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking

Mathematical and computational thinking in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using algebraic thinking and analysis, a range of linear and nonlinear functions including trigonometric functions, exponentials and logarithms, and computational tools for statistical analysis to analyze, represent, and model data. Simple computational simulations are created and used based on mathematical models of basic assumptions.

Use mathematical models and/or computer simulations to predict the effects of a design solution on systems and/or the interactions between systems. (HS-ETS1-4)

Common Core State Standards Connections

  • MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (HS-ETS1-4)
  • MP.4 - Model with mathematics. (HS-ETS1-4)

Model Course Mapping

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