Use information from several sources to provide evidence that Earth events can occur quickly or slowly. 2-ESS1-1
Clarification Statement: Examples of events and timescales could include volcanic explosions and earthquakes, which happen quickly and erosion of rocks, which occurs slowly.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include quantitative measurements of timescales.
Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land. 2-ESS2-1
Clarification Statement: Examples of solutions could include different designs of dikes and windbreaks to hold back wind and water, and different designs for using shrubs, grass, and trees to hold back the land.
Assessment Boundary: none
Develop a model to represent the shapes and kinds of land and bodies of water in an area. 2-ESS2-2
Clarification Statement: none
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include quantitative scaling in models.
Obtain information to identify where water is found on Earth and that it can be solid or liquid. 2-ESS2-3
Developing and Using Models
Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, or storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.
Develop a model to represent patterns in the natural world. (2-ESS2-2)
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomenon and designing solutions.
Make observations from several sources to construct an evidence-based account for natural phenomena. (2-ESS1-1)
Compare multiple solutions to a problem. (2-ESS2-1)
Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in K–2 builds on prior experiences and uses observations and texts to communicate new information.
Obtain information using various texts, text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons), and other media that will be useful in answering a scientific question. (2-ESS2-3)
The History of Planet Earth
Some events happen very quickly; others occur very slowly, over a time period much longer than one can observe. (2-ESS1-1)
Earth Materials and Systems
Wind and water can change the shape of the land. (2-ESS2-1)
Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions
Maps show where things are located. One can map the shapes and kinds of land and water in any area. (2-ESS2-2)
The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes
Water is found in the ocean, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Water exists as solid ice and in liquid form. (2-ESS2-3)
Optimizing the Design Solution
Because there is always more than one possible solution to a problem, it is useful to compare and test designs. (secondary to 2-ESS2-1)
Patterns in the natural world can be observed. (2-ESS2-2), (2-ESS2-3)
Stability and Change
Things may change slowly or rapidly. (2-ESS1-1), (2-ESS2-1)
Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World
Developing and using technology has impacts on the natural world. (2-ESS2-1)
Science Addresses Questions About the Natural and Material World
Scientists study the natural and material world. (2-ESS2-1)
More resources added each week!
A team of teacher curators is working to find, review, and vet online resources that support
the standards. Check back often, as NSTA continues to add more targeted resources.
This three part lesson developed by 4H engages students in an interaction “globe” tossing activity, a measuring and analysis of water; and a discussion about conserving water.
This phenomenon is meant to be an anchoring event for a larger unit on Earth’s Systems and processes that shape the Earth. Students would have to engage in a number of investigations to compare solutions that slow or prevent water or wind ...
Students use the engineering design process to plan and create a windbreak that blocks wind in this lesson plan. Within the lesson, students compare their design with their classmates’ designs. This lesson is part of a series of lessons a ...
This 60 minute activity involves students building a physical model of a watershed and then making observations about how rain water travels over the land, eventually forming rivers and lakes. As an extension, the students take a bucket of water and ...
This 5E lesson is the first of ten lessons that culminate with creating physical models of landforms. In this lesson, the students engage in technology as text and media and “jigsaw” their expertise about glaciers, rivers and oceans ...
In this mystery, students will explore how solid rock breaks apart into smaller pieces through a process called weathering (including root-wedging and ice-wedging). In the activity, students model the process of weathering that occurs when rock ...
The short video from PBS Deep Look shows how water is integral to forming sand. The video's imagery is beautiful and the pace is engaging. Students will learn about one of the Earth’s processes and have oppor ...
The short video from Sci Show Kids details an investigation about erosion. The video supports the use of evidence related to the claim that erosion has occurred. The resource also presents ideas for further questions students might engage in using th ...
The short 6-and-a-half-minute video provides background information for the teacher about the role of water on the planet, the extent of it across the globe (and how to visualize this extent) and what the planet would look like if it were removed.
The beautiful video offers landscapes covered with slow moving masses of ice (fields) called glaciers. The film would support questions about the phenomenon of glaciers.
This student activity is a part of a larger unit teachers can use to thoroughly cover this topic, but can easily be used as a stand-alone activity. Students manipulate computer controls to move through simulated landforms in order to v ...
In this lesson, students use a stream table to model the processes of erosion and stream bed formation. The students make changes to the stream environment and make predictions about how these changes will affect the stream. Then the students st ...
For this lesson, the students first explore the concept of making models by using home-made dough to create landforms. How and why people use models are then explained. Then the children create their own model island from t ...
In this lesson, students take information learned about landforms and make a short, creative and entertaining presentation using an App called Yakit to tell their classmates about their research. This lesson is the 4th of 10 in a unit on water a ...
This is lesson 8 in a series of lessons that cover landforms and bodies of water. In this lesson, students will design and create a model of their own island that includes several types of landforms and bodies of water. &nbs ...
This is Lesson 9 of a twenty-one -lesson unit on Earth’s Changes by Jeri Faber. This lesson focuses on information from a variety of sources in order to plan for a student led-inquiry about earthquakes. Students research three questions they ha ...
In a previous lesson by Jeri Faber, the class went on a tour of the school grounds to find evidence of erosion. The students created their own erosion solution for one of the problems. For this lesson, students will view a Google Slide presentation t ...
This lesson builds on another lesson created by Jeri Faber in which students discovered how water changes the earth. For this lesson, students take part in a teacher-led investigation to show how wind changes the land. The children use straws to blow ...
This lesson was designed for students to investigate the impact that humans can have in controlling erosion. Students plan, design, construct, and evaluate ways to slow or prevent landslides from changing the shape of the land.
In this lesson, students will make claims and use sources to find evidence that natural events, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, weathering, or erosion happen quickly or slowly. Students will discuss their claims as a group.
In this lesson, students walk around the school grounds, neighborhood, or another area of their community to locate evidence of erosion. Various problems caused by erosion are discussed and a solution is developed for one of the problems.&n ...
In this lesson plan children investigate water erosion. Students make a sand tower and observe the erosion as they drop water on it. Students observe, illustrate, and record notes about the process. Short videos and a read aloud also furth ...
Teachers engage students in an investigation to create a model of a glacier using ice cubes. Students use the glacier model to observe, diagram, and document glacier movement as they move the ice cube across clay.
The California Geological Survey Kids Geozone website is dedicated to students having fun while learning about the geosciences. Parents and teachers will find activities and links of interest. Do Rocks Last Forever looks at the weathering process on ...
This webpage provides a single page summary of erosion that could be used for teachers and students to gain background information. It includes a time lasped video of coastal erosion in Alaska. The reading level of the page is above an average&n ...
This 4:23 video, Big Idea 5: Earth is the Water Planet, is created by the American Geoscience Institute (AGI) and helps the viewer to understand how water was formed on Earth and why water is so important to Earth. It also highlig ...
This is an erosion lesson featuring sand dunes and what happens to them in the wind.
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An investigation into weathering and erosion.
What Makes Up a Mountain?
A House for Chase the Dog
This science resource is full of lessons, readings, and activities to help you, as a classroom teacher, to cover all of the NGSS.